OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
SMCRA Amendments of 2006
Title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 authorized the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) to collect fees, from operators, on active mining operations. The fees collected are deposited in an interest bearing Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund (AML Fund), which is used to pay reclamation costs of AML projects that reclaim land and water resources adversely affected by pre-1977 coal mining. The OSM's fee collection authority terminated on September 30, 2004 and was extended through FY 2021 on December 20, 2006 in P.L. 109-432 (SMCRA Amendments ACT of 2006).