OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Library of COALEX Research Reports
COALEX Research Reports are the products of research and analysis conducted on specific issues relating to the regulation of Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. The research is conducted in response to requests for information from State Regulatory Authorities, under a cooperative agreement between the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) and the Interstate Mining Compact Commission (IMCC).
COALEX refers to the Library of Surface Mining Materials maintained by OSM in LEXIS-NEXIS and is a major source for the research.
Each Report includes a list of resources which were sent as attachments to the individual who requested the research. To obtain a copy of the attachments or to obtain any additional information, contact Joyce Zweben Scall by phone at 202-686-9138 or by email at JZScall@aol.com.
COALEX STATE INQUIRY REPORT - 97
June 23, 1988
Pennsylvania DER, Office of Policy
Fulton Bldg., 2nd Floor
P.O. Box 2063
Harrisburg, PA 17120
TOPIC: DEFINITION OF "PERENNIAL STREAM"
INQUIRY: Please search the Federal Register and selected state regulations for the definitions of "perennial stream."
SEARCH RESULTS: The federal regulation defining the term "perennial stream" is found at 30 CFR Sec. 701.5, and reads as follows: Perennial stream "means a stream or part of a stream that flows continuously during all of the calendar year as a result of ground-water discharge or surface runoff". The term does not include "intermittent stream" or "ephemeral stream."
This definition has not been revised or amended since its promulgation in 1979. In the preamble to the 1979 final regulations, OSM noted that this definition was based on a definition of the term which was contained in a 1960 U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper. No comments were received on this regulation, which was adopted as proposed. (44 FR 14,932 (1979)).
Of the six states which were researched, four (Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, and Virginia) contained a definition of "perennial stream" that is identical to that found in the federal regulations. Ohio's definition differed from the others in that the phrase "or part of a stream" was omitted; otherwise, Ohio's definition was identical to that used by OSMRE.
West Virginia"s definition differs from the OSMRE definition, in that it makes no reference to a flow during "a calendar year" or to "surface runoff" of "ground water discharge". That state"s definition of "perennial streams" reads: "a stream or portion of a stream that flows continuously."
Research conducted by: S. Michele Manning