What does the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law mean for OSMRE's AML Program?
The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (The Law), P.L. 117-58 “The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act,” was enacted on November 15, 2021. This enacted legislation included language that directly, or in some cases indirectly, impacts OSMRE. In addition to the extension of abandoned mine land (AML) fee collections and mandatory AML Grant distributions, $11.293 billion in new funding was authorized to be appropriated for deposit into the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.
President Biden signs the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act as he is surrounded by lawmakers and members of his Cabinet during a ceremony on the South Lawn at the White House (November 2021)
How to Apply for AML Grants under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
Biden-Harris Administration Releases Final Guidance for Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Abandoned Mine Land Grant Program
Provisions under the Law that impact the AML Program
With the passage of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, OSMRE takes on a new opportunity to invest in our infrastructure and benefit the American public for the next generation.
This key investment will improve federal stewardship of our critical infrastructure and significantly increase OSMRE efforts to support our partners, stakeholders, Tribal nations, and communities. Most notably, this federal law expands investment in the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program. Implementing this law and delivering meaningful results is a top priority for OSMRE.
In addition to the changes to the existing AML Program, the law authorizes $11.293 billion to be deposited into the Abandoned Mine Land Fund to be distributed as follows:
- Infrastructure Law AML Reclamation Grants to Eligible states and Tribes
- OSMRE will distribute amounts made available in the appropriation to eligible states and Tribes on an equal annual basis over a 15-year period in accordance with the provisions of the the infrastructure law.
- Up to 3% for OSMRE Operations
- Up to 3 percent of the amount appropriated in the law may be used for OSMRE's administration of the program.
- 0.5% for Office of Inspector General Operations
- One-half of one percent of amounts made available in the law must be transferred to the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of the Interior for oversight of funding
- $25 million for Financial and Technical Assistance
- States and Tribes will be provided with the financial and technical assistance necessary for the purpose of making amendments to the Abandoned Mine Land Inventory System (e-AMLIS).
The distribution announced on February 7, 2022, is the first of 15 annual installments under the BIL that will provide approximately $10.87 billion (after BIL directed reductions) for AML reclamation projects, in addition to funds available under AML-fee based grants.
As directed by the BIL, the distribution amounts were based on the number of tons of coal historically produced in each State or from the applicable Indian lands before August 3, 1977. OSMRE relied on the March 1980 Final Environmental Impact Statement (OSM-EIS-2) to ascertain these amounts and then calculated each State’s or Tribe’s percentage of total historic coal production.
For More Information
To support the implementation of these historic investments and new programs for reclamation and environmental stewardship under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, see the additional resources on federal funding.
From the Department of the Interior
- Biden-Harris Administration Releases Draft Guidance, Invites Public Comment on Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Abandoned Mine Land Grant Program (May 2022)
- Biden-Harris Administration Announces $144 Million to Create Good-Paying Union Jobs, Revitalize Coal Communities (March 2022)
- DOI News Release: Biden Administration Announces Nearly $725 Million to Create Good-Paying Union Jobs, Catalyze Economic Revitalization in Coal Communities (February 2022)
- DOI News Release: Interior Department Extends Abandoned Mine Land Program Through 2034 (January 2022)
- DOI News Release: Secretary Haaland Highlights Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Investments in Visit to California (December 2021)
- DOI News Release: Secretary Haaland Highlights Bipartisan Infrastructure Law During Maryland Visit (November 2021)
- DOI News Release: Bipartisan Infrastructure Deal Will Clean Up Legacy Pollution, Protect Public Health (November 2021)
From the Biden-Harris White House
Frequently Asked Questions
Following passage of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), the Office of Surface Mining and Reclamation Enforcement (OSMRE) has received several questions as to whether the BIL’s provisions for reclamation encompass funding for certain acid mine drainage (AMD) projects.
Below, OSMRE provides guidance on some of these questions.
States and Tribes have been getting AML money every year for decades – is this just the same?
No – the annual AML fee-based grants that states and Tribes receive are separate from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) AML grants. The AML fee-based grants are funded primarily by reclamation fees and distributed as required by section 402 of SMCRA, while BIL AML grants are funded by moneys from the United States Treasury and will be distributed as required by section 40701 of the BIL.
The distribution announced on February 7, 2022, is the first of 15 annual installments under the BIL that will provide approximately $10.87 billion (after BIL directed reductions) for AML reclamation projects, in addition to funds available under AML-fee based grants. The BIL AML guidance document published on July 21, 2022, provides additional details on the BIL AML grants and expectations for the program.
The BIL AML Grant Distribution was announced on February 7, 2022. Does this announcement represent a one-time distribution amount to states and Tribes?
No. As directed by the BIL, OSMRE will be distributing approximately $725 million annually for 15 years, beginning in FY2022. Eligible states and Tribes will receive these annual BIL AML grant distributions for the remaining years, subject to any required adjustments.
What formula was used to determine how much BIL AML funding each State and Tribe gets in FY 2022?
As directed by the BIL, the distribution amounts were based on the number of tons of coal historically produced in each State or from the applicable Indian lands before August 3, 1977. OSMRE relied on the March 1980 Final Environmental Impact Statement (OSM-EIS-2) to ascertain these amounts and then calculated each State’s or Tribe’s percentage of total historic coal production. Once calculated, that percentage was simply multiplied by $10.87 billion and divided by 15 – with the exception of Alaska.
Why is Alaska an exception?
The BIL provides that each eligible State or Tribe will get a minimum total of $20 million over the life of the program unless the State or Tribe has less than $20 million in unfunded AML reclamation costs.
Alaska had an unfunded inventory of roughly $25.8 million, so its 15-year allocation was increased from $3.3 million (under the formula) to raise its total to $20 million. The roughly $16.7 million in extra funds to Alaska resulted from a recalculation among the states and Tribes in proportion to their historic coal percentage.
How will the BIL AML distribution amounts be calculated in FY2023 and beyond?
OSMRE is still drafting guidance related to the distribution calculations after FY2022, but the historic coal production numbers in the March 1980 Final Environmental Impact Statement will not change (OSM-EIS-2). However, as eligible states and Tribes update their inventories, OSMRE will adjust distributions to ensure that each eligible State and Tribe receives at least $20 million over the course of the 15-year distribution, unless the amount needed for reclamation on State and Tribal lands is less than $20 million.
How do states and Tribes reconcile recommended labor provisions in the BIL AML guidance document that conflict with State or Tribal bid laws and regulations?
The BIL AML guidance document encourages states and Tribes to meet the recommendations set forth in the guidance document for BIL AML program implementation to the extent those steps are possible and consistent with applicable State or Tribal law.
Do states and Tribes need to use the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Climate and Economic Justice Screening Tool (CEJST) map to identify a “disadvantaged community” to calculate benefits in relation to the Justice40 Initiative?
No, not at this time. Given that the CEJST tool is currently in beta mode and is still being developed to appropriately represent impacted legacy coal mining communities, the BIL AML guidance document offers a broader definition of a “disadvantaged community” based on the OMB and CEQ Interim Implementation Guidance for the Justice40 Initiative. If this changes, OSMRE will work with states and Tribes to incorporate the changes into their programs. In the interim, State and Tribes should identify opportunities through public engagement at the local level with affected communities to prioritize projects that deliver benefits to disadvantaged communities that reduce environmental burdens in alignment with the overall objectives of Justice40 Initiative.
When will states and Tribes actually get this money?
We expect eligible states and Tribes will start applying for the FY 2022 funds in August 2022. OSMRE published the final BIL Guidance on July 21, 2022, with pertinent information for the eligible states and Tribe on how to apply for the first $725 million.
Will states and Tribes be able to apply for these BIL funds each year?
Yes. Eligible states and Tribes will be able to apply annually for the amount specified in each Fiscal Year BIL grant distribution.
Will states and Tribes be required to submit separate grant applications for the BIL AML grants and the AML-fee-based grants.
Yes. OSMRE is requiring a separate grant application for BIL AML funding to ensure, consistent with federal financial assistance requirements, its ability to track the expenditure of BIL funds, ensure proper oversight of taxpayer dollars, facilitate audit reviews, be responsive to reporting requirements, and enhance transparency of the use of funds. OSMRE will continue to work with the states and Tribes to develop procedures that minimize burdens on applicants from having separate BIL and fee-based AML applications.
When does OSMRE plan to provide funding to assist states and Tribes with making amendments to the coal AML inventory system, e-AMLIS?
OSMRE expects to announce the availability of funding to assist states and Tribes in updating their e-AMLIS inventories before September 30, 2022.
Will states and Tribes be required to update their existing AML Reclamation Plans?
Yes. OSMRE will provide additional information about the nature of the needed updates to the AML Reclamation Plans at a later date.
Will states and Tribes be allowed to receive BIL funding if they have not completed updates to their AML Reclamation Plans?
Yes. States and Tribes are not required to complete the AML Reclamation Plan update, review, and approval process as a prerequisite to receiving BIL funds.
Pursuant to section 40701 of the BIL, may eligible states and tribes use grant funds to design and build AMD treatment facilities? If so, may grant funds be used to design and build AMD treatment facilities that are “stand alone” Priority 3 projects (i.e., not in conjunction with a Priority 1 or Priority 2 site or within a qualified hydrologic unit)?
Yes. Eligible states and tribes may use BIL AML grant funds to design and build AMD treatment facilities and may use those funds to design and build AMD treatment facilities that are not in conjunction with a Priority 1 or Priority 2 site or within a qualified hydrologic unit. The BIL specifies that its grant funds may be used only for “activities described in subsections (a) and (b) of section 403 and section 410 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA)” and such activities include all Priority 1 through Priority 3 projects, water supply restoration projects, and emergency projects. Nothing in the BIL explicitly or implicitly incorporates other law that might limit these expenditures for such projects to AMD treatment facilities that are in conjunction with a Priority 1 or Priority 2 site or within a qualified hydrologic unit, e.g., section 402(g) of SMCRA.
Pursuant to section 40701 of the BIL, may eligible states and tribes use grant funds to operate, maintain, and rehabilitate AMD treatment facilities?
Yes. Eligible states and tribes may use BIL AML grant funds to operate, maintain, and rehabilitate AMD treatment facilities as part of the activities described in section 40701(c) of the BIL. These uses are contemplated by the BIL, and nothing in the relevant portions of the BIL or SMCRA forecloses these uses.
Pursuant to section 40701 of the BIL, may eligible states and tribes place a portion of grant funds into their AMD set aside accounts?
No. Eligible states and tribes may not place BIL AML grant funds into their AMD set aside accounts. As noted above, the BIL does not amend section 402(g) of SMCRA—which specifies the types of funds that can be deposited into AMD set aside accounts—and the BIL does not itself provide that contributions to state and tribal AMD set aside accounts are a valid use of BIL funds. Placing BIL funds into state and tribal AMD set aside accounts may also be contrary to other federal laws, such as the Cash Management Improvement Act of 1990, 31 U.S.C. § 6501.
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